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Policy recommendations on future regional aquaculture-based fisheries management in the Baltic Sea Region

Nowadays, the EU plays a significant role in establishing a framework for environmentally sound and sustainable aquaculture and aims to significantly increase the aquaculture production. However, it has been left to the Member States to determine the extent to which this can be achieved.  The effort to boost aquaculture within the EU is reflected through the proposals for the Common Fishery Policy (CFP) reform which aims to promote aquaculture based on Strategic Guidelines and Multiannual National Strategic Plans for the period 2014-2020.

The Policy Recommendations providing new impulses to the on-going discussion about fisheries management and aquaculture in the frame of the reform of the CFP, the justification of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) and the Blue Growth Strategy. The paper is concentrating mainly on the opportunities existing for an integration of restocking measures in the frame of regional aspects of fishery policy. In addition some recommendations are given for boosting the development of the whole aquaculture sector in the Baltic Sea Region. The full paper can be downloaded here: Policy paper and recommendations

Fisheries management in coastal waters of the Baltic Sea - AQUAFIMA results of the Szczecin Lagoon, Vistula Lagoon, Curonian Lagoon and Gulf of Riga - Coastline Reports 22

Since fisheries management and control often have not been effective in the past, alternative approaches using linkages between fishery and aquaculture can help to identify and develop new management options for the sustainable coastal fisheries management in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). Stocking and restocking activities and mussel cultivation are examples of an ecosystem-friendly approach to maintain natural stocks and their sustainable use. Based on four cross-border case study areas the current status of an area-based fisheries management in coastal waters of the BSR have been analysed and lessons learned have been compiled. The case study analyses contain the following steps: data compilation of fish populations, stocking activities and aquaculture, analyses of legal fishery rules, responsibilities and cross-border cooperation, as well as SWOT analyses of the current cross-border fisheries management. The results show that information and cross-border cooperation have to be improved as a basis for common fisheries management structures and agreements. The full report can be downloaded from the EUCC - The Coastal Union Germany homepage.

List of essentials and future management options for fisheries management in the Baltic Sea Region

The situation in the fisheries sector has shown an urgent need for new solutions and improvements of the current system. This also becomes noticeable in the new Common Fishery Policy (CFP) proposal. Besides the fishery sector the proposal puts also attention to the aquaculture sector. However, stocking and restocking measures are not covered by the plan and financial support for restocking is only allowed for a limited number of stocks. In order to increase the attention of restocking activities in the Baltic Sea Region, the AQUAFIMA project has worked out a list of essentials including proposals for the future development of stocking and restocking activities in the Baltic Sea Region. The two annexes give an overview of the current restocking management systems and species suitable for restocking purposes in the Baltic Sea Region.

List of essentials and future fisheries management options

Overview of restocking management systems

Species and areas for restocking measures

Salmon and sea trout pilot plan for "Salaca" and "Vitrupe" river in Lativa

In the frame of the AQUAFIMA project two management plans for the fish species “salmon” and “sea trout” have been developed for the rivers “Salaca” and “Vitrupe” in Latvia. In the beginning descriptions of the river basins and an overview of the laws and regulations are given. Moreover, the management pilot plan shows the development of the salmon and sea trout populations in both rivers. Also, the uses and influencing factors of both fish species are pointed out and in the end certain measures are accented in order to improve the situation (e.g. evaluation, surveillance and supervision of fishing and angling; fish farming measures for increasing the number of salmon and sea trout population). Both plans can be downloaded here:

Management pilot plan Salaca river

Management pilot plan Vitrupe river

SWOT analysis on restocking

A SWOT analysis is an important tool to analyse the strenghts, weaknesses, opportunities and threats for specific purposes. In the frame of the AQUAFIMA project a SWOT analysis related to restocking in the Baltic Sea Region has been conducted. Besides a general analysis also different analyses for important fish species used for in restocking programmes in the Baltic Sea e.g. salmon, white fish, trout and sturgeon have been carried out. The document can be downloaded here: SWOT analysis restocking

Workshop documentation on stocking and restocking

In 2012 the AQUAFIMA partners organised three different workshops dedicated to the topic stocking and re-stocking. The first workshop addressed the theme ”stocking and restocking criteria and strategies” and was held in Copenhagen in February 2012. The second workshop took place in Gdansk in May 2012 and dealt with ”aquaculture technologies and strategies”. At the last workshop presentations were given about ”methods to recognise released fish species” (Vilnius, September 2012). To all workshops experts were invited to give talk related to the topics. The overall documentation can be downloaded here: Workshop documentation

Methods for measuring the success of stock enhancement

Stock enhancement is “the principal method used to maintain or improve stocks where production is actually, or perceived to be, less than the water body could potentially sustain, but where reasons for the poor stocks cannot be identified" (Cowx 1999). This report shall give an overview of possible ways to monitor and evaluate the success of stocking activities as found during the projects work and literature research. Thefull report is accessible here: Methods to measure the success of stock enhancement